Detection of Sub-20 μm Microplastic Particles by Attenuated Total Reflection Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy and Comparison with Raman Spectroscopy - Cnam - Conservatoire national des arts et métiers Access content directly
Journal Articles ACS Omega Year : 2023

Detection of Sub-20 μm Microplastic Particles by Attenuated Total Reflection Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy and Comparison with Raman Spectroscopy

Abstract

Microplastics are particulate water contaminants that are raising concerns regarding their environmental and health impacts. Optical spectroscopy is the gold standard for their detection; however, it has severe limitations such as tens of hours of analysis time and spatial resolution of more than 10 μm, when targeting the production of a 2D map of the microparticle population. In this work, through a single spectrum acquisition, we aim at quickly getting information about the whole population of identical particles, their chemical nature, and their size in a range below 20 μm. To this end, we built a compact setup enabling both attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) and Raman spectroscopy measurement on the same sample for comparison purposes. We used monodisperse polystyrene and poly(methyl methacrylate) microplastic spheres of sizes ranging between 6 and 20 μm, also measured collectively using a bench-top FTIR spectrometer in ATR mode. The ATR-FTIR technique appears to be more sensitive for the smallest particles of 6 μm, while the opposite trend is observed using Raman spectroscopy. We use theoretical modeling to simulate and explain the ripples observed in the measured spectra at the shortest wavelength (higher wavenumber) region, which appears as an indicator of the microparticle dimension. The latter finding opens new perspectives for ATR-FTIR for the identification and classification of populations of nearly identical micro-scale bodies, such as bacteria and other micro-organisms, where the same measured spectrum embeds dual information about the chemical nature and the size.
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Origin : Publication funded by an institution
Licence : CC BY NC ND - Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives

Dates and versions

hal-04093689 , version 1 (10-05-2023)

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Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives

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Ahmed M Othman, Ahmed A Elsayed, Yasser M Sabry, Diaa Khalil, Tarik Bourouina. Detection of Sub-20 μm Microplastic Particles by Attenuated Total Reflection Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy and Comparison with Raman Spectroscopy. ACS Omega, 2023, 8 (11), pp.10335-10341. ⟨10.1021/acsomega.2c07998⟩. ⟨hal-04093689⟩
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