Comparison of vestibular input statistics during natural activities and while piloting an aircraft - Cnam - Conservatoire national des arts et métiers Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Neurophysiology Year : 2023

Comparison of vestibular input statistics during natural activities and while piloting an aircraft

Abstract

The present study investigates the statistics and spectral content of natural vestibular stimuli experienced by healthy human subjects during three unconstrained activities. More specifically, we assessed how the characteristics of vestibular inputs are altered during the operation of a complex human-machine interface (a flight in a helicopter simulator) compared to more ecological tasks, namely a walk in an office space and a seated visual exploration task. As previously reported, we found that the power spectra of vestibular stimuli experienced during self-navigation could be modeled by two power laws but noted a potential effect of task intensity on the transition frequency between the two fits. In contrast, both tasks that required a seated position had power spectra that were better described by an inverted U-shape in all planes of motion. Taken together, our results suggest that 1) walking elicits stereotyped vestibular inputs whose power spectra can be modeled by two power laws that intersect at a task intensity-dependent frequency; 2) body posture induces changes in the frequency content of vestibular information; 3) pilots tend to operate their aircraft in a way that does not generate highly non-ecological vestibular stimuli; 4) nevertheless, human-machine interfaces used as a means of manual navigation still impose some unnatural, contextual constraints on their operators.
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Dates and versions

hal-04142005 , version 1 (26-06-2023)

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Axel Roques, Yannick James, Ioannis Bargiotas, Dimitri Keriven Serpollet, Nicolas Vayatis, et al.. Comparison of vestibular input statistics during natural activities and while piloting an aircraft. Journal of Neurophysiology, 2023, 130 (1), pp.168-178. ⟨10.1152/jn.00518.2022⟩. ⟨hal-04142005⟩
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