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Journal Articles Advances in Computational Mathematics Year : 2019

Analysis of parametric models

Abstract

Parametric models in vector spaces are shown to possess an associated linear map, leading directly to reproducing kernel Hilbert spaces and affine/linear representations in terms of tensor products. From this map, analogues of correlation operators can be formed such that the associated linear map factorises the correlation. Its spectral decomposition and the associated Karhunen-Loève- or proper orthogonal decomposition in a tensor product follow directly, including an extension to continuous spectra. It is shown that all factorisations of a certain class are unitarily equivalent, as well as that every factorisation induces a different representation, and vice versa. No particular assumptions are made on the parameter set, other than that the vector space of real valued functions on this set allows an appropriate inner product on a subspace. A completely equivalent spectral and factorisation analysis can be carried out in kernel space. The relevance of these abstract constructions is shown on a number of mostly familiar examples, thus unifying many such constructions under one theoretical umbrella. From the factorisation, one obtains tensor representations, which may be cascaded, leading to tensors of higher degree. When carried over to a discretised level in the form of a model order reduction, such factorisations allow sparse low-rank approximations which lead to very efficient computations especially in high dimensions.

Dates and versions

hal-04047168 , version 1 (27-03-2023)

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Hermann Matthies, Roger Ohayon. Analysis of parametric models: Linear methods and approximations. Advances in Computational Mathematics, 2019, 45 (5-6), pp.2555-2586. ⟨10.1007/s10444-019-09735-4⟩. ⟨hal-04047168⟩
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