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Journal Articles Polymers Year : 2023

Describing and Modeling Rough Composites Surfaces by Using Topological Data Analysis and Fractional Brownian Motion

Abstract

Many composite manufacturing processes employ the consolidation of pre-impregnated preforms. However, in order to obtain adequate performance of the formed part, intimate contact and molecular diffusion across the different composites’ preform layers must be ensured. The latter takes place as soon as the intimate contact occurs and the temperature remains high enough during the molecular reptation characteristic time. The former, in turn, depends on the applied compression force, the temperature and the composite rheology, which, during the processing, induce the flow of asperities, promoting the intimate contact. Thus, the initial roughness and its evolution during the process, become critical factors in the composite consolidation. Processing optimization and control are needed for an adequate model, enabling it to infer the consolidation degree from the material and process features. The parameters associated with the process are easily identifiable and measurable (e.g., temperature, compression force, process time, ⋯). The ones concerning the materials are also accessible; however, describing the surface roughness remains an issue. Usual statistical descriptors are too poor and, moreover, they are too far from the involved physics. The present paper focuses on the use of advanced descriptors out-performing usual statistical descriptors, in particular those based on the use of homology persistence (at the heart of the so-called topological data analysis—TDA), and their connection with fractional Brownian surfaces. The latter constitutes a performance surface generator able to represent the surface evolution all along the consolidation process, as the present paper emphasizes.
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hal-04093566 , version 1 (10-05-2023)

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Antoine Runacher, Mohammad-Javad Kazemzadeh-Parsi, Daniele Di Lorenzo, Victor Champaney, Nicolas Hascoet, et al.. Describing and Modeling Rough Composites Surfaces by Using Topological Data Analysis and Fractional Brownian Motion. Polymers, 2023, 15 (6), pp.1449. ⟨10.3390/polym15061449⟩. ⟨hal-04093566⟩
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