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Book Sections Year : 2017

Young adults of Maghrebi descent in France


France has been a host country to immigrants from the Maghreb (Tunisia, Algeria, and Morocco) for more than a century. This chapter focuses on the children of these migrants, most of whom were born in France and have French citizenship. And yet, as first or second-generation citizens with a Maghrebi background, they nevertheless manifest particular patterns when it comes to school achievement and subsequent inclusion in the labor market, areas in which educational and occupational guidance play a mediating role. The chapter shows that this particular group experiences cultural and linguistic difficulties at school, as well as discrimination, resulting in socially inequitable outcomes. Educational and guidance policies and practices aimed at addressing and reducing such inequalities are described, noting, however, that such efforts have a paradoxical effect: by identifying this group as targets for specific and compensatory support, policies end up reinforcing stigmatization processes. Students with a Maghrebi background are confronted with all sorts of difficulties throughout their years in education and training, starting from the first years of schooling onwards. Most end up unfavorably positioned when it comes to making a transition to the labor market, particularly given limited opportunities in a competitive environment. The ways guidance, as part of a broader range of strategic interventions, can be mobilized to address such a situation, are examined.
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hal-03970863 , version 1 (02-02-2023)



Valérie Cohen-Scali, Alma Hafsi, Patrick Werquin. Young adults of Maghrebi descent in France: Guidance and the Challenges to Educational and Labour Market Integration. Sense Publishers and Mediterranean Journal of Educational Studies. Career Guidance and Livelihood Planning across the Mediterranean, SensePublishers, pp.371-388, 2017, Comparative and International Education, 9789463009904. ⟨10.1007/978-94-6300-992-8_23⟩. ⟨hal-03970863⟩
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